literatureには①文学、文芸、②作家業、文筆業、③文献などの意味がありますが、informationやknowledgeと同じく、数えることのできない名詞です。しかし「情報」という意味のinformationや「知識」という意味のknowledgeを可算名詞と勘違いしてinformations, knowledgesと書く人は見当たらないのに、literatureをa literatureもしくはliteraturesと書く人はよく見かけます。とくに「文献」という意味で使われるときに数えられると勘違いするようです。「文献」とは何か、英英辞典でliteratureの意味を確認すると、

all the books, articles etc on a particular subject

all the information relating to a subject, especially information written by experts

the body of writing about a specific subject or of a specific times or group



We picked up 16 literatures on Japanese mid-sized companies, which have written for 40 years.
千葉大学経済研究 (2004)

Kan Zhang translated the Report into Japanese and he tried to reveal the specialty of the Chinese Business Organizations by investigating the relevant literatures.
山形大学紀要. 社会科学 (2005)

24 collected Japanese literatures and 122 English literatures with one of the key words of “illness trajectory” have been examined.
日本赤十字九州国際看護大学紀要 (2006)

In this paper, the new framework is proposed by referring to foreign literatures, mainly, SCHOOL HUMOUR (written by Wilfred B. W. Martin & Ishmael J. Baksh).
広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (2007)

This study reviews the related literatures to consider the effect of the disclosure of risk information on firm value.
専修ビジネス・レビュー (2008)

So, 63 bodies of“Non Profit Organization The Japanese Association for MACHI-NAMI Conservation and Regeneration”, 57 former bodies, literatures were researched.
ランドスケープ研究 (2009)

In this report, we propose a visualizing technique of reference relationships among literatures for supporting survey activity.
ソフトウェアサイエンス研究会信学技報 (2010)

A total of 27 scientific literatures were included with no psychological research, in which most were nursing researches.
広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (2011)

In the search of literatures, 3 key words (mental health, cost and work or workplace) were used. Only 23 literatures including 5 minutes were found.
日本職業・災害医学会会誌 (2012)

The importance of a code of ethics as one of the elements as professions has been emphasized in the literatures both in Japan and Western countries…
東京大学大学院教育学研究科教育行政学論叢 (2013)

Many literatures on the policy process of higher education have accumulated in the 2000s in the U.S. and Japan.
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (2014)

Some literatures point out the importance of local cultures and their traditional rituals or build environments and spaces of the rituals…
秋田大学教育文化学部研究紀要 (2015)

To this point, relational innovation across multiple spatial levels and needs satisfaction mechanism suggested in these literatures seem to be keys to trigger an alternative mode of development process, which is socially emancipating and sustainable.
都市・建築学研究 : 九州大学大学院人間環境学研究院紀要 (2016)

すべて間違いです。16 literatures, many literatures, some literaturesという表現はありません。そう言いたい場合は、16 works of literature, a lot of literature, some literatureとなります。literatureが数えられないニュアンスをつかめない人はとにかくinformationと同じ感じと理解してください。16 informationsとは言わないのと同じように16 literaturesとは言いません。literatureを数える場合は、works of literatureもしくはpieces of literatureと言えばよいです。

All great works of literature either dissolve a genre or invent one. ─Charles J. Shields

While there are hundreds of such pieces of literature, here are ten of the pieces that no one should miss reading.


a literature review/ a literature survey/ a literature study/ a literature search/ a literature investigation/ a literature overview

しかし、literatureの前に形容詞がついても可算名詞にはなりません。なぜこのようなことをいちいち言うかというと、不可算名詞の中には形容詞がつくと具体性を含意して可算名詞に変化するものがあるからです。例えば、「拒否」という意味のrefusal (拒否、お断り)に「丁寧な」という意味のpoliteがつくと a polite refusal になります。しかしEnglish literature, scientific literature, Japanese literatureの前にa [an]はつきません。


comparative and international political economy literatures

These pop narratives had echoes in the scholarly literatures of sociology, anthropology, history, public health, and national security policy.


The Department of East Asian Languages and Literatuers at the University of Hawaii

Japanese literature, Chinese literature, Korean literatureが合わさってEast Asian literaturesになっているわけです。

We study and teach the languages, literatures, and cultures of the Russian and other Slavic peoples and… (University of California, Berkeley)


5月 2, 2018 · Pukuro · No Comments
Posted in: ■英単語豆知識

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